Regular oil changes are one of the simplest, yet most important ways to keep your vehicle running smoother, longer. As the lifeblood an engine, oil lubricates vital components, reducing friction to help engines run cooler and suspends dirt particles to keep your engine clean. At Automotive Techniques we’ll let you know when to change oil for the type of driving you do and what type of oil is right for your car.
Engine oil protects components by acting as a film between surfaces, so metal parts don’t rub against each other, causing wear. It also inhibits rust and corrosion by neutralizing acids and keeping oxygen and moisture away from components, preventing premature wear.
The engine’s combustion process, as well as friction, creates heat within your vehicle’s motor. Engine oil plays a vital role in cooling by transporting heat away from hot components to the oil pan, where it cools and is then recirculated.
A clean motor is essential to safe and efficient operation and engine oil also works to cleanse the motor. It circulates detergents and dispersant throughout components, minimizing the build-up of sludge. Engine oil also isolates particles of carbon resulting from combustion, keeping them from abrading internal surfaces.
Over time oil will become contaminated, which, in turn, causes it to breakdown and lose viscosity. When that begins to happen, it’s time to take your car in for an oil change.
Many drivers are unsure how often they should have an oil change conducted. While the rule of thumb is every 5,000 kilometers, this can vary depending on certain factors. For example, it may be necessary to have it done more frequently if you do a lot of stop-and-go driving.
At Automotive Techniques we’ll take the time to talk to you about the type of vehicle you drive and your driving habits to determine how often you should change your oil and what type of oil to use.
Regular filter replacement is inexpensive and prevents more costly problems. At ATR, we’ll inspect your car’s filters and let you know which ones need replacing. Regular filter replacement at Speedy is affordable and convenient, and keeps your car on the road longer, saving you money.
The oil filter is designed to prevent soot, metal, rust particles or other debris from contaminating and restricting oil from flowing through the engine and lubricating or cooling vital components.
The fuel filter keeps debris from entering engine components where these contaminants can cause sludge or build up. This build up can clog carburetors or fuel injectors. A fuel filter replacement should be completed every year.
Your vehicle’s engine needs air as well as fuel in order to run, and the air filter keeps dirt and unwanted engine-damaging particles out of the air that enters the cylinders. A clean air filter improves mileage, and an air filter replacement is also required from time to time.
The cabin air filter also needs to be checked and periodically replaced. This filter keeps bacteria, pollen, dust and other allergens, as well as exhaust fumes, out of the ventilation system and away from you and your passengers. A cabin air filter replacement lets you and your passengers breathe easy!
Keeping your vehicle well lubricated and free of contaminants requires more than just the occasional oil change. Other liquids and lubricants are essential to your car’s healthy functioning and, just like oil, these can break down over time or become contaminated.
When engine oil becomes dirty or contaminated, it loses its lubricating quality and engine parts can rub against each other, wearing out prematurely. Low coolant levels can cause your vehicle’s engine to overheat, resulting in inconvenience and sometimes, costly damage. Low or poor quality brake fluid can compromise your ability to stop safely.
In addition to changing the oil, ATR’s lube and filter service includes greasing universal joints and steering and suspension components, where applicable. We also check under the chassis for component integrity, leaks, CV boot issues, and wear of steering components. We will then check transmission, brake, coolant, power steering and transmission fluid, as well as top up wiper fluid.
Making lube and filter servicing part of your regular vehicle maintenance strategy goes a long way in keeping your car healthy and extending its lifespan.
Oil change intervals vary, but a conservative rule of thumb is every 5,000 kilometers or more frequently in “severe” operating conditions. A “severe” operating condition would be a lot of stop-and-go driving in city or rush hour traffic. Check your Owner’s Manual for the recommended oil change service intervals.
Choosing the right oil for your vehicle depends on a number of things. Your owner’s manual will recommend the weight of oil recommended for your vehicle and if your vehicle is under warranty you should follow their recommendation.
There are various grades of conventional oil with multi-grades the most common. The most common multi-grade oils are 10W30 and 5W30. So what does 10W30 mean? The number 10 is an index as to how well the oil flows in cold temperatures, the “W” means it can be used in winter and the number 30 refers to how it flows in high temperatures. 10W30 is the most frequently recommended multi-grade oil. Today, most new cars recommend 5W30.
Conventional (base) oil is refined crude, which undergoes a variety of refining processes before it is suitable for your vehicles engine. Additives are then added to perform a wide variety of functions such as detergents and dispersants to clean and suspend fine contaminates, rust and corrosion inhibitors and anti-wear additives to prevent metal-to-metal contact.
Synthetic oil is engineered to do the same job as conventional oil except it is specifically manufactured to stand up to more extreme conditions. Synthetic oil remains stable at high temperatures and fluid at low temperatures under which conditions conventional oils either begin to breakdown or thicken. This provides reduce engine wear for a cleaner, more efficient engine.